Jijel Harbour at the entrance of Taza National Park, Algeria
Jijel Harbour at the entrance of Taza National Park, Algeria © M. Mabari / MedPAN

We prize the Mediterranean Sea for food, recreation, beauty, traditions…

It is also one of the world's biodiversity hotspots. Representing less than 1% of world oceans, the Mediterranean counts over 10% of all known species including many endemic species. It has a remarkable diversity of life and is a vital reproduction zone for key pelagic species. 

Yet we have put this life support system in danger. Human pressure has intensified in the last decades through over-fishing, pollution, coastal development, unsustainable tourism, increased sea traffic.

Biodiversity and ecosystems are changing, while these changes are magnified by climate change. This may have huge consequences on our well being.

Human threats need to be reduced if we want to stop biodiversity loss and start recovering.