In recent years, the Algerian Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources has opened a major plan of actions for the development of fisheries and aquaculture. A 2012-2014 roadmap " STRAT-E-SAID " has been adopted by the industry whose implementation requires a better understanding of the socio-economic context of fisheries in Algeria and the levers that could guarantee its success.
In this context, an international workshop on "The socio-economic approach to fisheries and aquaculture and integrated projects: a tool for decision support" was organised on 20 and 21 January 2014 at the headquarters of University of Jijel, under the patronage of His Excellency the Minister of Fisheries and Marine Resources, in collaboration with the University of Jijel and Taza National Park.
The workshop brought together over 200 participants including Algerian researchers, international experts, executives from the central and local government of Fisheries and Aquaculture, representatives of professionals, representatives of civil society and representatives of sectoral partners in the context of integrated development project. MedPAN and WWF Mediterranean participated in this workshop, as well as Jean-Marie Dominici who could share the successful experience of fisheries co-management in the Scandola Nature Reserve in Corsica, France.
The objectives of this workshop were to:
- Highlight the contribution of socio-economic studies to decision making through the understanding, identification and modeling of fisheries and aquaculture systems and the value chain analysis;
- Highlight opportunities to foster the development of integrated projects. These can be based on structuring projects for fisheries and aquaculture, combined with a good governance of marine and coastal areas, valuing fisheries, tourism and human resources (fishing industry and aquaculture) in a context of sustainable, integrated and equitable local development;
- Initiate discussions on the methods and mechanisms to be implemented to protect the community of fishermen and farmers by enhancing their territories and ensure the sustainability of motor activities through the involvement of professionals in the fisheries resource governance through a participatory approach;
- Establish a regional network (national and international scientists, administration, professionals and associations) promoting multidisciplinary, consultative and participatory approaches for the transfer of experiences and a better exploitation of research results in the field;
- Develop a cross-cutting approach by mobilising interdisciplinary teams to improve the efficiency of public intervention;
- Pooling of resources and expertise to better exploit research results and their transfer through the creation of multidisciplinary integrated teams strengthened and consolidated by an active network.
Built around plenary sessions and think-tank thematic groups, the workshop enabled stakeholders to initiate a real analysis of the themes considered, in a spirit of constructive sharing beyond conflicts of interest, through the federation of the know-how of sea people, the expertise of scientists and the experience of local and central government.
The sustainable development of fisheries and aquaculture in Algeria must go through a detailed analysis of the sector, a better understanding of the interactions between the different actors and a sharing of knowledge, the creation of Marine Protected Areas which management would fully involve local fishermen as well as the development of integrated projects weaving fishing, ecotourism and agriculture that would enable an integrated economic and social development dynamics in marine, coastal and inland areas, particularly in those that are economically and socially vulnerable. Recreational fishing was also emphasised during the workshop, with the need to undertake studies related to the socio-economic effects of this activity on fishing in general and professional fishermen in particular.
The establishment of a regional network for capacity building in the field of fisheries socio-economics, aquaculture and integrated development was also decided.
The main objectives of this network will be to:
- Share , exchange and value experiences;
- Propose topics and regional common interest research axes related and adapt management tools and analysis to local contexts;
- Pool resources and form a network of competence in the field of fisheries, aquaculture and integrated projects socio-economics;
- Create a direct synergy between the fishing community, civil society, government and researchers on projects of common interest;
- Provide answers and solutions to development matters at local and/or regional levels;
- Make accessible methods and techniques that can improve the welfare of people living from the sea while ensuring the sustainability of the activity and the resource .
Mr. Said Chawki Chakour , professor at the University of Jijel, was appointed by the members present at the workshop, as the focal point of the network, assisted by a steering group, pending a formal structuring of the network . A Facebook page has already been created. This network was created in collaboration with the General Directorate for Scientific Research and Technological Development of the Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, the associations activate in the marine environment field and fisheries and Aquaculture professionals.
Read the full report of the workshop with all the detail on the recommendations that were made: http://www.mpeche.gov.dz/IMG/pdf/rapport_et_recommandations_de_atelier_mprh_1.pdf
Following the workshop, and on the occasion of the Steering Committee of the "Highlight the Mediterranean MPAs contribution to regional development" project on 24 and 25 February, a delegation from the Algerian Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources was hosted by MedPAN with the aim to meet MPAs of French Mediterranean coast. Mr Farid Harouadi, Director of Studies at the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resoources ( LMRH ) and Mr Said Chawki Chakour, Researcher at the University of Jijel, met with Frédéric Bachet, Director of the Blue Coast Marine Park and Marie Monin, Projet Officer; Francis Bland, Director of the Calanques National Park; Guillaume Sellier, Director of Port-Cros National Park of and Elodie Durand , Project Officer and Christian Molinero, President of the Regional Committee on Fisheries of the Provence-Alpes-Côte-d'Azur region. The delegation was able to interact directly with these 3 MPAs whose management structure and experience are quite distinct. It was able to get a more precise idea of the organisation of the fishing industry in the French Mediterranean and the measures to put in place to establish an effective dialogue with local fishermen and a sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources which guarantees a local socio-economic dynamism.
Following this visit, the Ministry of Fisheries plans to organise an intersectoral workshop (with the ministries of environment, forestry, tourism ...), to which Mediterranean MPA managers will be invited in order to shed light on the types of MPAs created and their effectiveness. Visits to Algerian MPAs will be scheduled for the participants. (the date of the workshop will be set shortly after coordination with the sectors concerned).